lawrence Petraglia

Wolf Spider

Wolf spiders (Lycosidae) are a diverse family of arachnids that are known for their hunting behavior and unique appearance. Identifying wolf spiders can be done based on several key characteristics: Size: Wolf spiders come in a range of sizes, but they are typically larger than many other common spider species. Their body length can vary […]

Winged Termites Vs. Winged Ants

Distinguishing between winged termites (reproductive alates) and winged ants (reproductive alates) can be challenging because they share some similarities, especially when they are in their flying or swarming stage. However, there are several key characteristics and features that can help you differentiate between them: Winged Termites (Reproductive Alates): Body Shape: Termites have a straight, uniform […]

Subterranean Termites

Subterranean termites (family Rhinotermitidae) are a highly destructive group of termites known for their ability to build underground nests and cause significant damage to wooden structures. Identifying subterranean termites can be challenging, as they are often hidden from view. However, there are several key characteristics and signs that can help you identify their presence: Size: […]

Palmetto Bug

“Palmetto bug” is a term that is often used to refer to large cockroach species, particularly in the southeastern United States. However, it is more commonly associated with the American cockroach (Periplaneta americana) and sometimes the Smokybrown cockroach (Periplaneta fuliginosa). These roaches are often called palmetto bugs due to their size and appearance. Here are […]

Mud Daubers

Mud dauber wasps, also known as mud daubers or mud wasps, are a group of solitary wasps known for their unique nesting behavior. There are various species of mud dauber wasps, and they can vary in size, coloration, and appearance. However, some general characteristics can help you identify them: Size: Mud dauber wasps are typically […]


Hornets are large, social wasps that belong to the genus Vespa. There are several species of hornets worldwide, and their appearance and behavior can vary slightly among species. However, there are some general characteristics that can help you identify hornets: Size: Hornets are among the largest of the wasp species, with adults ranging from about […]

Ghost Ants

Identifying ghost ants (Tapinoma melanocephalum) can be challenging because of their small size and pale coloration, which makes them nearly transparent. However, there are some key characteristics and behaviors you can look for to identify these tiny ants: Size: Ghost ants are extremely small, with workers typically measuring around 1.3 to 1.5 millimeters in length. […]

Formosan Termites

Formosan termites (Coptotermes formosanus) are a highly destructive and invasive species of subterranean termite. They are often called “super termites” due to their ability to cause extensive damage to wooden structures and their large colonies. Identifying Formosan termites can be crucial for effective pest control. Here are the key characteristics and signs of Formosan termites: […]

Fire Ants

Identifying fire ants (Solenopsis spp.) is important, as they are known for their aggressive behavior and painful stings. Here are the key characteristics and features to help you identify fire ants: Size: Fire ants are relatively small ants, with workers typically ranging from 1.6 to 5 millimeters (1/16 to 1/4 inch) in length. Queens are […]

Drywood Termites

Drywood termites (family Kalotermitidae) are a type of termite that differs from subterranean termites in their nesting and feeding habits. Identifying drywood termites can be challenging because they often infest wood in concealed locations, but there are certain characteristics and signs to look for: Size: Drywood termites vary in size, with workers typically measuring about […]